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Summary of occupation


Gynaecologists diagnose and treat disorders of the female reproductive system. They manage problems including gynaecological malignancies, sexually transmitted diseases, infertility, sexual dysfunction and menopause.

Gynaecology is strongly linked with obstetrics - health of mother and fetus before, during and after pregnancy.

The number of gynaecologists practising in Western Australia is relatively small and most are located within the metropolitan area.

ANZSCO description: Gynaecologists diagnose and treat disorders of the female reproductive system.
Alternative names: Obstetrician and Gynaecologist (O&G)
Specialisations: Gynaecological oncology specialist, Gynaecological ultrasound specialist
Job prospects: Average
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Knowledge, skills and attributes

A gynaecologist needs:

  • a detailed knowledge of anatomy, reproductive physiology and endocrinology
  • knowledge of genetics, pharmacology, microbiology and haematology
  • a broad knowledge of diagnostic and therapeutic treatments for women's health
  • skill to perform procedures including hysterectomies, laparoscopies, IUD insertions, colposcopies and Papanicolaou
  • to promote health awareness in women, including screening
  • to be able to counsel patients and a desire to help people
  • good bedside manner
  • excellent communication skills
  • emotional stability
  • the self-confidence to make sound decisions in emergencies.
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Working conditions

Gynaecologists are referred patients from general practitioners. Their work may occur in a number of different settings including outpatient clinics, inpatient wards and operating theatres.

Gynaecologists tend to have their own practice leading to fairly predictable work hours.

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Salary details

On average, gynaecologists can expect to earn between $2 884 and $7 692 per week ($150 000 and $400 000 per year) depending on the organisation that they work for and their level of experience. As a gynaecologist develops their skills, their earning potential will generally increase.​​

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Tools and technologies

The main tools gynaecologists use in diagnosis are clinical history and examination. Gynaecological examination uses instrumentation such as the speculum. Ultrasound can be used to confirm abnormalities.

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Education and training/entrance requirements

To become a gynaecologist, you must first become a qualified medical practitioner and then specialise in gynaecology.

In Western Australia, postgraduate courses in medicine are offered by the University of Notre Dame and the University of Western Australia. These degrees usually take four years to complete. Entry requirements include completion of a bachelor degree in any discipline. You must also sit the Graduate Australian Medical Schools Admissions Test and attend an interview at your chosen institution. Contact the universities you are interested in for more information.

On completion of the postgraduate medical degree, you must work in the public hospital system for two years (internship and residency). To specialise in gynaecology, doctors can apply to the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists to undertake further training and ultimately receive fellowship.

Related courses

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Apprenticeships and traineeships

As an apprentice or trainee, you enter into a formal training contract with an employer. You spend most of your time working and learning practical skills on the job and you spend some time undertaking structured training with a registered training provider of your choice. They will assess your skills and when you are competent in all areas, you will be awarded a nationally recognised qualification.

If you are still at school you can access an apprenticeship through your school. You generally start your school based apprenticeship by attending school three days a week, spending one day at a registered training organisation and one day at work. Talk to your school's VET Co-ordinator to start your training now through VET in Schools. If you get a full-time apprenticeship you can apply to leave school before reaching the school leaving age.

If you are no longer at school you can apply for an apprenticeship or traineeship and get paid while you learn and work.

Related apprenticeships

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Recognition of prior learning

If you think you already have some of the skills or competencies, obtained either through non-formal or informal learning, you may be able to gain credit through recognition of prior learning.

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